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Research Article

Academia Journal of Scientific Research 6(11): 442-445, November2018
DOI: 10.15413/ajsr.2018.0155
ISSN: 2315-7712
2018 Academia Publishing 

Abstract

 

 

Effect of Antibacterial activity of crude extracts of Anacardium occidentale on Pseudomonas aeruginosa
 

Accepted 15th November, 2018

 
Gulhane Pranita A.*, Marar Mamta P. and Chandekar C. J.

Department of Microbiology, S.S.E.S.A’s Science College, Nagpur (MS) India-440012.

 

Anacardium occidentale is one of the plants that has been used for ethno medical purposes in traditional civilization. Some extracts from this plant parts especially the apple, bark, leaves, gum and nut have been reported to inhibit the growth of medically important microorganisms. Pseudomonas aeruginosa is an opportunistic pathogen. The bacteria takes advantage of an individual's weakened immune system to create an infection and this organism also produces tissue-damaging toxins. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to investigate the antibacterial activity of methanol extracts of different parts of A.occidentale on Pseudomonas aeruginosa strains. Methanol extract of A.occidentale parts, such as leaves, bark, shell and nut, was tested against 5 strains of P.aeruginosa. It was found that all P. aeruginosa strains (100%) were sensitive to A. occidentale shell extract and nut extract followed by leaves extract (20%). However, thebark extract was not effective against it. P.aeruginosa strains were further tested against 5 different antibiotics. It was found that all P.aeruginosa strains (100%) were sensitive to Gatifloxacin, which was the highest among all other antibiotics tested followed by Meropenem (80%) and Piperacillin (20%). When studying the synergistic activity of extract and the antibiotic Gatifloxacin, it was found that, the organisms were much sensitive to this combination. P.aeruginosa(80%) was found to be sensitive each to leaves extract and bark extract. The present study highlighted the remarkable antibacterial activities of the A. occidentale extracts on P.aeruginosa strains.

Key words: Anacardium occidentale, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, antibacterial activity.
 

This is an open access article published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Cite this article as:
Pranita GA, Mamta MP, Chandekar CJ (2018). Effect of Antibacterial activity of crude extracts of Anacardium occidentale on Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Acad. J. Sci. Res. 6(11): 442-445.

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