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  1. Acad. J. Med. Plant.


Research Article

Academia Journal of Medicinal Plants 7(2): 030-035, February 2019
DOI: 10.15413/ajmp.2019.0100
ISSN: 2315-7720
2019 Academia Publishing


Antioxidant activity of hawthorn (Crataegus monogyna) from Morocco

Accepted 10th January, 2019


Hakima Bahri1,3*, Chaymae Benkirane1,3 and Bouchra Tazi2,3

1Laboratory of Genetic Resources and Plant Breeding, EcoleNationaled’Agriculture de Meknes, Meknes, Morocco.
2Laboratory of Chemistry, Department of Basic Sciences, EcoleNationaled’Agriculture de Meknes, Meknes, Morocco.
3Km 10, Route HajKaddour, BP S-40 Meknes 50000, Morocco.

Antioxidants are tremendously important substances that possess the ability to protect the body from damage caused by free radicals induced oxidative stress. This study aims to investigate the antioxidant effect of hawthorn (Crataegus monogyna) from the Mid-Atlas Mountains of Morocco as a potential source of new bioactive natural compounds. Hawthorn is a medicinal plant widely used in phytotherapy for the treatment of many cardiovascular diseases. In this study, flowers, leaves, ripe and unripe fruits were analyzed. The antioxidant activity was measured by the 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl(DPPH) free radical scavenging method. Then, Folin–Denis and aluminum chloride colorimetric assays were used to determine total polyphenol and total flavonoid contents of the plant extracts, respectively. The results obtained showed that all the plant parts studied expressed important antioxidant properties. Unripe fruits and flowers revealed the highest antioxidant activity with IC50 values of 7.3 and 8.3 μg/ml, respectively. Total polyphenol content in different plant parts ranged from 105.1 to 280.4 g Gallic Acid Equivalent /100 mg Extract and total flavonoid from 4.7 to 70.8 g Quercetin Equivalent/100 mg Extract. Antioxidant activity presented a significant correlation with total polyphenol content. These results indicate that C. monogyna extracts exhibit an important antioxidant activity and thus can present a great potential as a source of natural antioxidants.

Key words: C. monogyna, total polyphenol content, total flavonoid content, antioxidant activity.

This is an open access article published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Cite this article as:
Bahri H, Benkirane C, Tazi B (2018). Antioxidant activity of hawthorn (Crataegus monogyna) from Morocco. Acad. J. Med. Plants. 7(2): 030-035.

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