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  1. Acad. J. Med. Plant.


Research Article

Academia Journal of Medicinal Plants 6(12): 404-411, December 2018
DOI: 10.15413/ajmp.2018.0178
ISSN: 2315-7720
2018 Academia Publishing


Decoction: A valuable ethnobotanical treatment for the tribal communities of the Seven Sister States of North East India

Accepted 16th November, 2018


Shukla Amritesh C.1,2, Montanari Bernadette1*, Thangjam Nurpen M.1 and Laldingngheti Bawitlung Sendrew1

1Department of Horticulture, Aromatic and Medicinal Plants, School of Earth Sciences and Natural Resources Management, Mizoram University, Aizawl -796004, India.
2Department of Botany, University of Lucknow, Lucknow- 226007, India.

The North East region of India is an important pool of medicinal plants. For a large number of tribal communities living in this part of India, the traditional healing practices are vital to maintain the healthcare of the tribal communities across the Seven States. Communities rely heavily on ethnobotanical preparations and believe firmly in these traditional systems of medicine prescribed by traditional healers. However, as new directives such as the “New Land Use Policy” (NLUP) promotes economic development and permeates even the most remote tribal areas of the region, and the young members of the communities migrate to the cities in search of work, the traditional ethnobotanical knowledge is subject to erosion. Traditional practitioners across 34 tribal communities living in the regions of Assam, Tripura, Arunachal Pradesh, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland and Sikkim were interviewed. Names of the ethno-medicinal formulae, the plant parts used and methods for combining and preparing, dosages and duration of treatment were collected over a period of four years (2012-2016). The results of the study showed that decoction is the most common method used and traditional healers prepare a total of 66 plant species that belong to 49 families. Decoction is made in similar processes as those used in traditional Ayurvedic preparations (quath or kawath). Given the current changes at tribal level, it is now vital to record the formulae and support plant conservation. One way to achieve this is through scientific validation so that the traditional ethnobotanical knowledge remains available for the transmission to the future generations and for conservation measures.

Key words: Ethno-medicine, Seven Sister States, tribal communities, erosion of traditional ethnobotanical knowledge.


This is an open access article published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Cite this article as:
Amritesh CS, Bernadette M, Nurpen MT, Sendrew LB (2018). Decoction: A valuable ethnobotanical treatment for the tribal communities of the Seven Sister States of North East India. Acad. J. Med. Plants. 6(12): 404-411.

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