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Research Article

Academia Journal of Educational Research   5(10): 363-369, October 2017
DOI: 10.15413/ajer.2017.0941
ISSN 2315-7704
2017 Academia Publishing



Appropriateness assessment and identifying the risk factors of oral non-prescription drugs’ use among university students in the United Arab Emirates

Accepted 18th September, 2017

Khalid A. Al-Kubaisi1, Mark D. SteCroix1, Don Vinson2, Mirza R. Baig3, Moustafa N. ElDin Hassan4, Suleiman I. Sharif5 and Abduelmula R. Abduelkarem5*

1University of Gloucestershire, The Park, Cheltenham, GL50 2RH. United Kingdom.
2University of Worcester, St John's Campus, Henwick Grove, Worcester, WR2 6AJ, United Kingdom.
3Department of Clinical Pharmacy, Dubai Pharmacy College, Dubai, UAE.
4Hamdan Bin Mohamed smart university, Dubai Academic City, P.O.Box 71400. Dubai. UAE
5Department of Pharmacy Practice and Pharmacotherapeutics, College of Pharmacy, University of Sharjah, 27272, United Arab Emirates, Sharjah.

Irrational use of drugs has a serious impact on health and the economy. The use of oral non-prescription drugs is increasing among university students worldwide. The objective of the present study is to measure the prevalence of use of oral-non-prescription drugs, assess appropriateness of this use, and identify factors associated with inappropriate use among students. A cross-sectional study used anonymous self-administered questionnaire over the period of four months (January, 2014 to April, 2014). More than half (1348; 57%) of participants reported the use of ONPD in the past 90 days before study commencement. Of 1,348, participants reported using ONPD; only 8% were inappropriate ONPD users for self-treating the last recent symptom. The present study identified three newly reported risk factors for the outcome. Polypharmacy behaviour was a significant predictor variable (OR = 2.457, 95% CI: 1.380-4.373, p=0.002), safety belief in the use of ONPD (OR= 1.702, 95% CI: 1.070-2.709, p≤0.05) and medication knowledge (OR= 0.608, 95% CI: 0.380-0.972, p≤0.05). There is high prevalence of ONPD use among university students in UAE. However, the majority of this use was found to be appropriate. To promote safe ONPD use in university students, awareness campaign is needed in all universities and must stress on the potential dangers of drug addict, drug abuse and polypharmacy behavior.

Key words: ONPD, inappropriate use, polypharmacy, University students, UAE.

This is an open access article published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. 

Cite this article as:

Al-Kubaisi KA, SteCroix MD, Vinson D, Baig MR, Hassan MNE, Sharif SI, Abduelkarem AR (2017). Appropriateness assessment and identifying the risk factors of oral non-prescription drugs’ use among university students in the United Arab Emirates. Acad. J. Educ. Res. 5(10): 363-369

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