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Research Article

Academia Journal of Scientific Research 5(11): 591-000, November 2017
DOI: 10.15413/ajsr.2017.0416
ISSN: 2315-7712
2017 Academia Publishing 

Abstract

 


Determination of clay structure using chemical analysis
 

Accepted 7th September, 2017

 
Djebbar Mustapha1* and Djafri Fatiha2

1Laboratory for Materials, Applications and Environment, Faculty of Science and Technology, University of Mascara Bp 763 Route d e Mamounia Mascara, Algeria.
2Laboratory for Chemical and Materials, University of Oran, Faculty of Science and Technology, University of Mascara BP: 1524 El Menouar Oran, Algeria..

This work reports the structural characterization of illite from northern West Region of Algeria, with the first attempt to refine the structure model and locate the interlayer water molecule. Structural characterization was accomplished using state-of-the-art analytical methods available for clays. The results illustrate the status of techniques for clay structure determination, as well as, providing a structural model for illite. The chemical formula for the illite under investigation can be written as: K 0.086 Ca0.04 Na 0.061 (Mg0.17 Al 0.61 FeIII0.27) [Si 3,08 Al 0.92] O10(OH)2nH2O. Smectites are dominant clay in bentonites. Each of montmorillonite, beidelite, illite, hectorite and saponite minerals is a member of the smectite group. Chemical formula of smectite which is important to choose its industrial uses can be calculated from chemical analysis. The converting of a chemical analysis of a smectite and illite minerals into a chemical formula was discussed in this study depending on various parameters.

Key words: Smectite, chemical formula, bentonites, illite, chemical analysis.
 

This is an open access article published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Cite this article as:
Mustapha D, Fatiha D (2017). Determination of clay structure using chemical analysis. Acad. J. Sci. Res. 5(11): 591-596.

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