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Research Article

Academia Journal of Agricultural Research 5(3): 736-741, March 2017
DOI: 10.15413/ajar.2017.0110
ISSN: 2315-7739
2017 Academia Publishing

Abstract

 

Production Potential of Ratoon Crop of Sugarcane Planted under Varying Planting Dimensions

Accepted 23rd February, 2017

 

M. Aamer1,  R. Ahmad1,  S. A. Anjum1,  M. U. Hassan1,  F. Rasul1,  W. Zhiqiang2,  H. Z. U. Qasim1,  F. A. Chaudhary1 and H. Guoqin2*

1Department of Agronomy, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad Pakistan 38040, Pakistan.
2Research Center on Ecological Sciences, Jiangxi Agricultural University, Nanchang, Jiangxi
Province, 330045, PR. China.
 

Ratoon crop of sugarcane is considered economical for the farming communities of Pakistan because production cost is 25 to 30% less than plant crop along with saving of seed material. A field experiment was carried out to evaluate the ratooning potential, growth, yield and quality attributes of sugarcane under different planting dimensions. The experiment was laid out in a Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) having three replications. The experiment comprised of the following treatments, namely: 120 cm spaced trenches, 90 cm spaced round pits having diameter of 90 cm, 60 cm spaced round pits having diameter of 90 cm, 90 cm spaced square pits having an area of 90 cm 90 cm, 60 cm spaced square pits having area of 90 cm 90 cm, 75 cm spaced square pits having area of 75 cm 75 cm and 45 cm spaced square pits having an area of 75 cm 75 cm. The plant crop of sugarcane was sown on 4th March, 2013 and harvested at 24th January, 2014; it was kept as a ratoon crop. All other agronomic practices were kept normal and uniform. The experimental results revealed that planting dimensions in ratooned cane had no significant effect on length of internodes and most of the qualitative attributes. However, planting dimensions had significant effect on the quantitative parameters like number of tillers, number of millable canes, number of internodes per cane, plant height, cane length, cane diameter, stripped cane weight, stripped and unstripped cane yield, tops and trash weights and harvest index. Statistically, highest stripped cane yield of sugarcane (102.26 t ha-1) was noted at 90 cm spaced square pits having an area of 90 cm 90 cm. Whereas, lowest stripped cane yield of sugarcane (96.15 t ha-1) was obtained from 45 cm spaced square pits having an area of 75 cm 75 cm. The experimental results indicated that 90 cm spaced square pits having an area of 90 cm 90 cm produced the highest sugarcane yield.

Key words: Sugarcane, ratooning potential, planting dimensions.

 

This is an open access article published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

 

Cite this article as:

Aamer M, Ahmad R, Anjum SA, Hassan MU, Rasul F, Qaing WZ, Qasim HZU, Chaudhary FA, Guoqin H (2017). Production Potential of Ratoon Crop of Sugarcane Planted under Varying Planting Dimensions. Acad. J. Agric. Res. 5(3): 736-741.

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